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Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval, 3rd edition

Jun 2010 | 528pp

Paperback
9781856046947
Price: £54.95
CILIP members price: £43.95


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Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval, 3rd edition

G. G. Chowdhury

An information retrieval (IR) system is designed to analyse, process and store sources of information and retrieve those that match a particular user's requirements. A bewildering range of techniques is now available to the information professional attempting to successfully retrieve information. It is recognized that today's information professionals need to concentrate their efforts on learning the techniques of computerized IR. However, it is this book's contention that it also benefits them to learn the theory, techniques and tools that constitute the traditional approaches to the organization and processing of information. In fact much of this knowledge may still be applicable in the storage and retrieval of electronic information in digital library environments.

The fully revised third edition of this highly regarded textbook has been thoroughly updated to incorporate major changes in this rapidly expanding field since the second edition in 2004, and a complete new chapter on citation indexing has been added.

Unique in its scope, the book covers the whole spectrum of information storage and retrieval, including: users of IR and IR options; database technology; bibliographic formats; cataloguing and metadata; subject analysis and representation; automatic indexing and file organization; vocabulary control; abstracts and indexing; searching and retrieval; user-centred models of IR and user interfaces; evaluation of IR systems and evaluation experiments; online and CD-ROM IR; multimedia IR; hypertext and mark-up languages; web IR; intelligent IR; natural language processing and its applications in IR; citation analysis and IR; IR in digital libraries; and trends in IR research.

Readership: Illustrated with many examples and comprehensively referenced for an international audience, this is an indispensable textbook for students of library and information studies. It is also an invaluable aid for information practitioners wishing to brush up on their skills and keep up to date with the latest techniques.

1. Basic concepts of information retrieval systems

  • Introduction 
  • Features of an information retrieval system
  • Elements of an information retrieval system
  • Kinds of information retrieval systems 
  • Design issues
  • Discussion
  • References  

2. Database technology 

  • Introduction 
  • Data 
  • The database 
  • Kinds of databases 
  • Database technology 
  • The development of databases in an information retrieval environment 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

3. Bibliographic formats 

  • Introduction 
  • Bibliographic records 
  • ISO 2709: Format for bibliographic information interchange 
  • MARC format 
  • UNIMARC format 
  • The Common Communication Format 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

4. Cataloguing and metadata 

  • Introduction 
  • Cataloguing 
  • Metadata 
  • Discussion 
  • References  

5. Subject analysis and representation 

  • Introduction 
  • Classification 
  • Types of bibliographic classification schemes 
  • Major library classification schemes 
  • Classification of electronic resources 
  • Subject analysis 
  • Manual indexing 
  • Theory of indexing 
  • Discussion 
  • References  

6. Automatic indexing and file organization 

  • Introduction 
  • The process of indexing 
  • Automatic classification 
  • Index file organization 
  • Inverted file 
  • Sequential access 
  • Alternative text retrieval structures 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

7. Vocabulary control 

  • Introduction 
  • Controlled vs natural indexing 
  • Vocabulary control tools 
  • Thesauri 
  • Criteria for evaluating a thesaurus 
  • Use of thesauri in online information retrieval 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

8. Abstracts and abstracting 

  • Introduction 
  • Types of abstract 
  • Qualities of abstracts 
  • Uses of abstracts 
  • The art of abstracting 
  • Automatic abstracting 
  • Recent works on text summarization 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

9. Searching and retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • The search strategy and its prerequisites 
  • The pre-search interview 
  • The searching process 
  • Retrieval models 
  • Alternative information retrieval models 
  • Search facilities offered by most text retrieval systems 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

10. Users of information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Users and their nature 
  • Types of information needs 
  • Information needs in different areas of activity 
  • Information-seeking behaviour of users 
  • What we need to know about users 
  • User studies 
  • Possible sources of information about users 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

11. User-centred models of information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Information seeking 
  • Human information behaviour models 
  • User-centred information search models 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

12. User interfaces 

  • Introduction 
  • The four-phase framework for interface design 
  • Information seeking and user interfaces 
  • User interfaces and visualization 
  • User interfaces of some information retrieval systems 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

13. Evaluation of information retrieval systems 

  • Introduction 
  • The purpose of evaluation 
  • Evaluation criteria 
  • The steps of evaluation 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

14. Evaluation experiments 

  • Introduction 
  • The Cranfield tests 
  • MEDLARS 
  • The SMART retrieval experiment 
  • The STAIRS project 
  • Limitations of early evaluation studies 
  • TREC 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

15. Online and CD-ROM information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Online searching 
  • CD-ROM databases 
  • Discussion 
  • References  

16. Multimedia information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Multimedia information retrieval systems 
  • Standards 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

17. Hypertext and markup languages 

  • Introduction 
  • Hypertext 
  • Markup languages 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

18. Web information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Traditional vs web information retrieval 
  • Web information: volume and growth 
  • Web information retrieval: issues and challenges 
  • Access to information on the web: the tools 
  • Economic aspects of web information and search engines 
  • Deciding which pages to return 
  • Search engine optimization 
  • Web information retrieval: evaluation studies 
  • Information seeking on the web 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

19. Natural language processing and information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Natural language understanding 
  • Syntactic analysis 
  • Semantic analysis 
  • Pragmatic knowledge 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

20. Natural language processing applications in information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Cross-language information retrieval 
  • Machine translation 
  • Question answering systems 
  • Text mining 
  • Information extraction 
  • Discussion 
  • References  

21. Citation analysis and information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Bibliometrics, scientometrics and webometrics 
  • Citation indexes and information retrieval 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

22. Information retrieval in digital libraries 

  • Introduction 
  • Information resources in digital libraries 
  • The basic design of a digital library 
  • Interoperability 
  • Common features of digital libraries 
  • Information retrieval features of selected digital libraries 
  • Problems and prospects 
  • Discussion 
  • References   

23. Trends in information retrieval 

  • Introduction 
  • Evaluation of information retrieval systems 
  • Developments related to the input subsystem 
  • Searching and retrieval 
  • User studies and user modelling 
  • User interfaces 
  • Information retrieval standards and protocols 
  • Information retrieval in the context of web and digital libraries 
  • Evaluation of natural language processing systems 
  • Machine translation 
  • Conclusions 
  • References

"The full gamut of information is covered … The text will be of great use to information practitioners to review their IR knowledge, and bring it up-to-date in many areas."
- Australian Academic and Research Libraries

 "Chowdhury provides a good understanding of where much of our current systems have come from … this book would be a good resource for a basic information retrieval course."
- College & Research Libraries

"For this third edition of a text for undergraduate and graduate students of library and information science, Chowdhury ... incorporates changes in the field since 2004 and provides a new chapter on citation indexing. The book is written from a relatively non-technical perspective, covering the spectrum of information storage and retrieval in a way that's relevant to an international readership."
- SciTech Book News

Professor Gobinda Chowdhury BSc Hons, MSc, PhD, FCLIP is Professor in Information Science at iSchool@northumbria, and Head of the Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences at Northumbria University. Before joining Northumbria University he was a Professor and Director of the Centre for Information and Knowledge Management at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. For over 25 years he has worked as an academic and researcher in information science in different parts of the world including Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia. For the past few years he has been actively involved in the iSchools activities. Professor Chowdhury has written or edited 15 books and over 150 research papers.