The E-copyright Handbook

Aug 2012 | 224pp

Price: 49.95
CILIP members price: 39.96

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The E-copyright Handbook

Paul Pedley

This handbook provides library and information professionals with practical guidance to minimize the risk of copyright infringement in the era of information sharing and online collaborative working. 

The book considers how copyright applies to a wide range of electronic content types including APIs, e-books, blogs, wikis, RSS feeds, e-mails, streaming, podcasts, broadcasts, databases, social networking sites and GUIs. 

Author Paul Pedley looks at activities which are especially relevant to library and information services such as the lending of electronic content and the mass digitization of content from a library collection, and considers activities undertaken by internet users such as deep linking, filesharing, mashups, and scraping, and the copyright issues associated with those activities. 

The text draws upon relevant legislation as well as numerous examples of legal disputes and court decisions from the UK, Europe, and the USA.  Highly practical, the book is packed throughout with tips, case summaries, sample wording, and in each section it also draws attention to useful resources.

Key topics include:
  • the background to e-copyright and the debates arising
  • the different content types, from APIs to e-books and wikis
  • the copyright implications of activities such as deep linking, mashups, scraping and selling digital content second-hand
  • copyright exceptions such as those for fair dealing, library privilege, the making of a temporary copy, visual impairment, and the public interest
  • licences for e-content such as Creative Commons, open access, and the open government licence, and microlicensing solutions
  • the Digital Economy Act 2010
  • rights enforcement measures
  • the Hargreaves Review of Intellectual Property and Growth.  
Readership: Library and information professionals looking for guidance on how to avoid e-copyright infringements, students of LIS, electronic publishing and computer science.

1. Introduction

1.1 Background
1.2 Possible treaty on copyright exceptions for libraries and archives
1.3 Is digital content treated differently?
1.3.1 Communication to the public
1.3.2 Technical protection measures
1.3.3 Electronic rights management information

2. Content types 

2.1 API (application programming interface)
2.1.1 Oracle America Inc. v. Google
2.1.2. Peter Zabulis v. The Independent
2.2 Audiobooks
2.2.1 Bonnier Audio AB and others v. Perfect Communication Sweden
2.3 Broadcasts
2.3.1 Educational Recording Agency licence
2.3.2 Open University licence
2.3.3 Box of Broadcasts
2.4 Databases
2.4.1 Database protection by copyright
2.4.2 Database protection by database right
2.5 DVDs
2.5.1 Filmbank
2.5.2 MPLC
2.5.3 Enforcement action
2.6 E-books
2.6.1 Privacy concern
2.7 E-journals
2.8 E-learning materials
2.9 E-mails
2.10 E-reserves
2.11 Films
2.11.1 Convictions for film copyright offences
2.11.2 Case study on counterfeit films
2.12 Games
2.13 Graphical user interfaces
2.14 Lifecasting 
2.15 Multimedia
2.16 Music
2.17 News aggregators
2.17.1 Google News
2.18 Podcasts
2.19 Ringtones 
2.20 RSS feeds
2.21 Second Life 
2.22 Social networking sites 
2.23 Software
2.24 Streaming 
2.25 Webcasts
2.26 Weblogs
2.27 Wiki

3. Activities

3.1 Deep linking
3.1.1 The ‘safe harbour’ provisions of the E-commerce Directive
3.1.2 Does hyperlinking in and of itself constitute publication?
3.1.3 Can a deep link infringe copyright?
3.2 Mashups
3.3 Scraping
3.3.1 Copyright infringement
3.3.2 Database right infringement
3.3.3 Breach of contract
3.3.4 Computer misuse
3.3.5 Passing off
3.3.6 Scraping disputes
3.4 Rental and lending
3.4.1 Public lending right scheme
3.4.2 Lending of e-books
3.4.3 Textbook rental services
3.5 Mass digitization
3.5.1 Europeana
3.5.2 British Library digitization project 
3.5.3 Wellcome Library
3.6 Sharing of passwords
3.7 Proxy sites
3.8 Filesharing
3.8.1 Penalties for illegal filesharing
3.8.2 Tactics of solicitors acting in filesharing cases
3.8.3 Cyberlockers
3.8.4 Inadvertent filesharing
3.9 Selling digital content second-hand
3.10 Preservation and digital curation
3.11 Common myths

4. The copyright exceptions

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Berne three-step test
4.3 Temporary or transient copies
4.3.1 Infopaq International A/S v. Danske Dagblades Forening
4.3.2 Newspaper Licensing Agency v. Meltwater & PRCA
4.4 Commercial purpose
4.4.1 ‘Commercial’ in the context of Creative Commons licensed content
4.5 Fair dealing
4.6 Library privilege – archiving and preservation
4.7 Visual impairment
4.8 The public interest
4.9 Educational exceptions
4.10 Exceptions relating to computer software
4.11 Exceptions relating to databases
4.11.1 Copyright exceptions
4.11.2 Database right exceptions
4.12 Abstracts of scientific and technical articles
4.13 Format shifting
4.14 Benefiting from the exceptions where there is a TPM in place
4.15 Orphan works

5. Licences

5.1 Contract v. copyright
5.2 Collective licensing societies
5.2.1 Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA)
5.2.2 Newspaper Licensing Agency (NLA)
5.2.3 Educational Recording Agency (ERA) 
5.2.4 Design Artists Copyright Society (DACS) 
5.2.5 Copyright Tribunal
5.3 Extended collective licensing
5.4 Creative Commons
5.5 Open Government Licence
5.6 Open access
5.7 Microlicensing
5.8 Out-of-commerce and out-of-print works 
5.9 Pan-European digital licensing
5.10 Music licensing and public libraries

6. The Digital Economy Act 2010

6.1 The key players
6.1.1 Copyright owner
6.1.2 Communications provider
6.1.3 Internet service provider 
6.1.4 Subscriber
6.2 Copyright infringement reports (CIRs)
6.3 Copyright infringement lists
6.4 Quality assurance reports
6.5 Penalties 
6.6 Appeals and costs
6.7 Filesharing
6.7.1 Unsecured Wi-Fi access
6.7.2 Filesharing statistics
6.8 Website blocking
6.9 Practical measures to ensure compliance with the DEA 2010
6.9.1 Securing Wi-Fi networks 
6.9.2 Notice and takedown 
6.9.3 Acceptable use policy
6.9.4 User authentication
6.9.5 Manage new software installations
6.9.6 Educate users on copyright
6.9.7 Review policies for proxy servers and virtual private networks

7. Enforcement

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Protecting your content
7.3 Exploiting content
7.4 Notice and takedown 
7.5 Norwich Pharmacal orders
7.6 Fines and prosecutions 
7.7 Extradition 
7.8 Cutting off funding to sites
7.9 The role that search engines can play 
7.9.1 Deindexing content
7.9.2 Traffic lights to show illegal content
7.10 Major legal cases
7.11 Content identification tools
7.12 Copyright trolls
7.12.1 Righthaven
7.12.2 Digital Rights Corp
7.12.3 Shakedown schemes
7.13 Filtering
7.13.1 Terrorism 
7.14 Moderation policies 
7.15 Role of internet service providers
7.16 EU database of IP infringers

8. The Hargreaves Review

8.1 Overview
8.1.1 Evidence
8.1.2 International priorities
8.1.3 Copyright licensing
8.1.4 Orphan works
8.1.5 Limits to copyright
8.1.6 Patent thickets and other obstructions to innovation 
8.1.7 The design industry
8.1.8 Enforcement of IP rights
8.1.9 Small firm access to IP advice 
8.1.10 An IP system responsive to change
8.2 Copyright licensing
8.2.1 Digital Copyright Exchange 
8.2.2 Extended collective licensing
8.2.3 Regulation of the collecting societies
8.3 Orphan works
8.4 Limits to copyright (the copyright exceptions)
8.4.1 Data analytics and text mining 
8.4.2 Limited private copying
8.4.3 Parody
8.4.4 Library archiving and preservation
8.4.5 Disability
8.4.6 Public administration and reporting
8.4.7 Quotations or extracts
8.4.8 Research and private study
8.4.9 Educational use 
8.4.10 Other exceptions
8.4.11 Override by contract 
8.5 Enforcement of IPR in the digital age 
8.6 Copyright opinions

"A scholarly and comprehensive reference...an absolute must for any librarian who wants to make sure their libraries legal matters are all in order."
- Midwest Book Review

Paul Pedley MA MLib FCLIP is a leading expert in information law. He is a Visiting Lecturer at City University, responsible for the Information Law and Policy Module; he has been a member of LACA, the Libraries and Archives Copyright Alliance since 1998; and is the author of Essential Law for Information Professionals, Digital Copyright, and Copyright Compliance: practical steps to stay within the law, and editor of Managing Digital Rights. Paul regularly runs training courses on copyright and other legal issues.